Ukraine and the EU: the pressing questions that stay over nation’s survival | Ukraine

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European leaders assembly in Brussels are anticipated to grant Ukraine EU candidate standing, however that historic determination threatens to overshadow extra pressing questions in regards to the nation’s survival.

Navy help

Because the Russian invasion started, Ukraine has been crying out for weapons to defend its territory. EU leaders will name for swift work on “an extra improve of navy help for Ukraine”, in keeping with a draft summit communique that provides scant element on this very important query.

The EU has already agreed to fund €2bn (£1.72bn) in navy support for Ukraine, largely for weapons, a historic first for the bloc. However the extra urgent query could also be how rapidly European international locations make good on delivering promised weapons. After complaints of foot-dragging from Berlin, earlier this week Ukraine welcomed the primary supply of heavy weapons from Germany, with the arrival of Panzerhaubitze 2000 howitzers. Germany and the Netherlands are collectively supplying Ukraine 12 of the weapons techniques, in keeping with German diplomatic sources.

Monetary support

Ukraine additionally wants money, because it faces monetary smash. The European Fee is engaged on a €9bn emergency funding proposal for Ukraine. Particulars on the combination of grants and loans have but to be determined. Ukraine’s authorities has stated the €9bn macrofinancial help programme sounds good, however falls nicely brief of what’s wanted. Kyiv requires about $5bn (£4.1bn) a month to maintain going, an adviser to the president, Volodymyr Zelenskiy, stated final month, whereas he urged the bloc to offer grants, moderately than loans that may add to indebtedness.

Sanctions

After month-long bruising negotiations over the EU’s final spherical of sanctions in opposition to Russia, together with a 90% oil embargo, the bloc is reluctant to debate additional restrictive measures touching fuel. As a substitute EU leaders will emphasise closing loopholes in present sanctions. “Work will proceed on sanctions, together with to strengthen implementation and stop circumvention,” state the summit conclusions.

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A handful of nations, akin to Poland and the Baltic states, proceed to make the case for banning Russian fuel. Senior EU officers, nonetheless, counsel fuel sanctions aren’t crucial, because the bloc has already determined to part out Russian fossil fuels. Counting on the EU’s newest power technique, moderately than proposing new sanctions, avoids a harmful inner row.

Kaliningrad

EU officers are more and more apprehensive about what they see as the intense state of affairs over Kaliningrad. Russia has threatened retaliation after Lithuania started checking some items transiting its territory en path to the Russian enclave. The checks started when an EU ban on Russian metal exports lately got here into drive. The European Fee has stated the checks are “centered, proportionate and efficient” however has promised additional steerage.

Grain exports

The EU will once more accuse Russia of “weaponising meals in its conflict in opposition to Ukraine”, because it urges Moscow to stop the blockade of Black Sea ports, notably Odesa. The EU is banking on the UN to barter an settlement with Russia to open the ports. Within the meantime, it’s trying to assist exporters discover different rail and street routes out of Ukraine. Whereas grain provides going by so-called “solidarity lanes” have elevated since April, delivery stays the quickest, most cost-effective choice.

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